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About the ABC

The Anarchist Black Cross was originated in Tsarist Russia to organise aid for political prisoners. In the late 1960s the organisation resurfaced in Britain, where it first worked to aid prisoners of the Spanish resistance fighting the dictator Franco's police. Now it has expanded and groups are found in many countries around the world. We support anarchist and other class struggle prisoners, fund-raise on behalf of prisoners in need of funds for legal cases or otherwise, and organise demonstrations of solidarity with imprisoned anarchists and other prisoners.

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Prisoners List

Download our latest up-to-date Prisoners Listing: November 2014.


The listing of any prisoner or any activities on this site is for information purposes only, and should not be construed by any state organisation as representing our active support for their actions or those activities.

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You may have noticed recently that some of our usually reliable prisoners listings have been a little out of date. This is due to a current shortage in our group numbers and increasing commitments to other projects. You can help by sending any updates/contributions to the listings that you come across. Thanks in advance. In solidarity. Brighton ABC.

 Europe       Rest of the World


John Bowden, 6729, HMP Edinburgh, 33 Stenhouse Rd, Edinburgh EH11 3LN. [Updated: 05/04/16]
John Bowden, convicted in 1982 for a brutal murder, has spent his entire adult life in prison. Politicised by his incarceration he's regularly paid the price for his resistance through long periods of isolation,  beatings and treatment amounting to torture. He has never been broken and is one of the UK's most articulate and vociferous prison writers and a powerful advocate of prisoner's rights.

Some of John's prison writings can be read elsewhere on our site: Writings by John Bowden
or can be downloaded in collected form from ABC Hurricane here:
PDF: Screen Version
PDF: Print Version A4

Kevan Thakrar, A4907AE, HMP Wakefield, 5 Love Lane, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, WF2 9AG, UK. [correct as of: 23/03/16]
Kevan Thakrar was wrongly convicted of murder and attempted murder in 2008 using multiple hearsay evidence under 'joint enterprise', the legal rule which means that any member of a group can be convicted of a crime, regardless of whether they played any role in it. Kevan wasn't present when the murder took place, but he was sentenced to life with a minimum of 35 years in jail. He was aged just 20.
Kevan has been consistently subjected to vengeful abuse and violence from prison guards for speaking out about his and other prisoners treatment. In March 2010 Kevan was charged with assaulting three prison officers in HMP Frankland, but was subsequently found not guilty of the assault in a landmark legal acquittal, where the finger of blame was instead pointed directly back at the Prison Service, whose regime of racism and violence was clearly exposed throughout the four-week trial.
Despite being found not guilty Kevan has been held ever since in solitary confinement in the notorious Close Supervision Centres, the UK equivalent to the F.I.E.S. regime in Spain, and the Supermax in the US. The ‘Prisons within the Prisons’ exist to facilitate the suppression, mental breakdown and murder of those who rebel within the prison system, those who ask too many questions, complain too many times, lash out in frustration, or are irreducible. Despite all this, Kevan continues to speak out about the injustices suffered there by himself and other prisoners around him.

For more information about his case:

or see our page of writings about and by Kevan


Brest Anti-Fascists Arrests
Late on the evening of May 8, 2014, in Brest, Belarus a fight between anti-fascists and neo-Nazis took place. The reason for the fight was a nazi provocation. One of the nazi began raising his hand in Roman salute and shouting "Zieg Heil" and "White Power". Except that the anti-fascists were better skilled in fighting, so one of the nazis ended up hospitalised.
Beginning on the evening of May 9, cops started to arrest the anti-fascists that they knew. First the flats of two anti-fascists were searched, their computers and laptops where taken and the guys were detained for 10 day terms. On the morning of May 10, the searches continued. Four more flats were searched and again computers and some personal items where taken by police. One of the anti-fascists was not at home, so he remain free and three others were detained.
One of the detained anti-fascists, Vladimir Dudorga, had been threatened by KGB officers before because of his active anti-fascist position. Dudorga was later released.

Dzmitry Zvan’ko, 225295 Brestskaya oblast, Ivatsevichi, p/b 20, IK-22, Volchi Nory, Belarus.
Dzmitry Stsyashenka, 225875, Brestskaya oblast, Kobrinski r-n, d. Luschiki IUOT № 6, Belarus.
Roman Bogdan, 224030 ul. K. Marksa, 86 Brest, SIZO-7, Belarus.
[addresses correct as of 10/10/15]

Update: [08/10/15] A verdict was delivered today in the case of Brest antifascists accused of participation in a group fight with neo-nazis which happened on May 8, 2013.
Antifascists were tried under the art. 339.3 (malicious group hooliganism) and 147.2 (malicious bodily harm). The case was qualified as malicious due to the fact of pepper spray usage in the fight.

Dzmitry Stsyashenka got 5 years of penal colony with reinforced regime (339.3) and 500 euro of damages to be paid to the injured nazis.

Roman Bogdan got 8 years of penal colony with reinforced regime (339.3, 147.2) and 3500 euro of damages to be paid to the injured nazis.

Another antifascist (full name not disclosed) got 5 years of penal colony
with reinforced regime (339.3) and 500 euro of damages to be paid to the
injured nazis.

It should be pointed out that in 2014 Dzmitry Zvan’ko was sentenced to 5
years of prison for the same account. Dzmitry Stsyashenka is serving another sentence of 4 years at the moment.

NB: The names are given in both Russian and (Belarusian), as the prison register is conducted in Russian, but we recommend that you address mail using the first (Russian) names. Also, during the initial weeks (or months) of imprisonment prisoners are put in a quarantine unit (not yet registered with a prison unit whilst being examined by the medics and put through registration - may last for several weeks or months), therefore please note KARANTIN on the envelope where appropriate. It is possible to send on-line letters to Belarusian prisoners via the ABC Belarus website.

Vlad Lenko Igorevich, 224030 ul. K. Marksa, 86 Brest, SIZO-7, k.39 Belarus.

Arrested for a fight with neo nazis in December 2014. Vlad, an Anti-fascist from Ivatsevichy, is charged under Art 339.2 (Hooliganism in a group of people.) and 147.2 (Causing grievous bodily harm.) The court sentenced Vlad to a six year period of imprisonment in a maximum security colony. a large amount of money is needed to appeal the verdict, as it stays hopeful that the sentence can be reduced by half. Money is also needed to aid him in paying off the ordered compensation of €1000 to the victim.

Fundraising WebMoney: $ Z418615316084 / €
Paypal: belarus_abc[at]riseup[dot]net
European bank account: ask

NB: It is possible to send on-line letters to Belarusian prisoners via the ABC Belarus website.

See also: wiki.avtonom.org for up-to-date listings of prisoners in the ex-Soviet Union.


Jock Palfreeman, Sofia Central Prison, 21 General Stoletov Boulevard, Sofia 1309, Bulgaria.
Jock Palfreeman is a 29-year-old Australian who had the courage to stand up against 16 Nazis on a night out in Sofia, Bulgaria. He witnessed the fascists chasing and attacking two young Roma boys. Jock ran to the boys' aid, he did his best to keep the Nazis at bay by waving a knife at them but they attacked him. Jock was left with nowhere to run and had no choice but to defend himself. Andrey Monov, one of the Nazis, was stabbed and killed and another, Antoan Zahariev was injured. The Roma boys ran away.
Jock has since been tried and sentenced for murder and attempted murder. He has been sentenced to 20 years imprisonment and has been fined 375,000 Australian dollars.
www.freejock.com [currently dead]


Operation Fenix
At the end of April 2015, 'anti-extremism' police in the Czech Republic carried out a series of raids on members of the anarchist and anti-authoritarian left scene, under the ostentatious title of Operation Fenix. Over 30 people have beene arrested and some remain in custody, accused of being 'terrorists'. When more information emerges about any charges or remands to prison, we will carry updates on the situation. In the meantime, you can checkout the support blog for those arrested: http://antifenix.noblogs.org/


Damien Camelio - Released on 16-12-15.
Damien is a 31-year-old anarchist anti-fascist member of GADI (Groupe Action Directe International) who has been sentenced to 2 years in prison for his alleged part in the firebomb attacks in Tarbes (on December 25, 2013 at Tarbes prison and 2 days later on a French Army building) and in Pau (on a Christian Science church on February 8, 2014).


Thomas Meyer Falk, c/o JVA (SV-Abtlg.), Hermann-Herder-Str. 8, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany. [Updated: 06/09/13]
In 1996, Thomas was sent down for eleven and a half years for bank robbery. Because of his strong beliefs, he's been subject to very harsh repression - kept in solitary, daily cell raids, suppression and censorship of mail, no access to education. In 2007, he was finally been moved out of solitary and was able to participate in education and other activities. He has applied for parole on a number of occasions since then but has always been turned down. At the end of June 2013, the District Court of Karlsruhe decided that Thomas was still a "danger" to the community and he is now being held in preventive detention.

For more info email: thomas_m_f@so36.net
or see http://www.freedom-for-thomas.de

Valentin was arrested on July 1, 2015, and is accused of taking part in violent clashes between antifascist ultras and neo-Nazi hooligans after a football match between SV Werder Bremen and Hamburger SV. The violent confrontation began when fascist hooligans from Bremen attacked a group of ultras, identifying them as left-wing antifascists.
Since his arrest, Valentin has been in custody awaiting trial and is charged with aggravated battery and severe breach of the peace (schwerer Landfriedensbruch). The police have presented him as the "prime suspect" in the case and have made clear that Valentin will be used by the state as an example against political violence.
His supporters are asking for donations to help with legal costs, and for letters and messages of solidarity. They ask that people writing keep in mind that the police read these messages, so to not reference anything illegal.

Donation Account:
Rote Hilfe e.V. Ortsgruppe Bremen
IBAN: DE71 2001 0020 0481 9122 06
Postbank Hamburg
Reference: Freiheit für Valentin
(Please don’t forget the payment reference!)

Valentin can read German and English and you can write to him at:
Infoladen Bremen, c/o Valentin, St-Pauli-Str. 10-12, 28203 Bremen, Germany.


Conspiracy of the Cells of Fire Prisoners

Most of the CCF prisoners are currently involved in a series of new trials dealing with the 250 bombings and arsons between 2008 and 2011 alleged against the organisation (including attacks on the Golden Dawn’s offices, the Athens Administrative Court, and Koridallos prisons), as well as the sending of a series of 14 parcel bombs. All are also under investigation concerning the 'Phoenix' project and the 'Operation Ardire' case.

Haris Hatzimihelakis
Panayiotis Argyrou
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 05/04/16]
Both are serving 25 years in prison out of a total sentence of 37 years for their part in the so-called "Halandri Case". They are currently awaiting future Cells of Fire trials. [for more information, see Inter Arma]

Damiano Bolano
Giorgos Nikolopoulos
Michalis Nikolopoulos
Christos Tsakalos
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece.
[Updated: 05/04/16]
Damiano Bolano is also serving a 68 years sentence for being member of CCF and charges stemming from the 'Halandri case' trial and will be deported after serving the maximum 25 years.
Giorgos and Michaelis Nikolopoulos are also serving 68 years sentences for being member of CCF and charges stemming from the 'Halandri case' trial & 16 months for illegal possession of arms.
Christos Tsakalos is serving 7 years for being member of CCF and charges stemming from the 'Halandri case' trial.

Olga Ekonomidou, Central women's prison, TK 18110, Koridallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 05/04/16]
Giorgos Polydoros
Gerasimos Tsakalos
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 05/04/16]
Olga, Giorgos and Christos were arrested on March 14, 2011 and are currently awaiting trial in the 'Volos case' and for other Cells of Fire-related charges.
All currently awaiting trial on Cells of Fire-related charges, having been held in pre-trial detention for more than 3 years.

Theofilos Mavropoulos, Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 05/04/16]
On May 18, 2011, Mavropoulos was arrested in the Athens neighbourhood of Pefki after being seriously wounded during a shoot-out with two patrol officers. Giannis Michailidis, the comrade who was with him, managed to escape and has taken full responsibility for his role in that incident already. Mavropoulos is being charged with two counts of attempted homicide, among other charges. After spending a month in the hospital, he was transferred to the "general population" wing at Koridallos. At the end of December 2011 he was moved to Malandrino as preliminary punishment for the escape he attempted alongside several Fire Cells Conspiracy members. He has since joined the CCF.

To keep up to date on the various CCF cases [in English], see:

# NB: Prisoners held in the new 'special wings' and C Type prisons in Greece have severe restrictions place upon their communications. Phone calls are all monitored and mail is subjected to censorship and your letters may not reach the intended recipient.

Cells of Fire-related cases

In the latest trial, Giannis Naxakis, Nikos Romanos, Giannis Michailidis, Dimitris Politis, Argiris Dalios, Fivos Harisis and Grigoris Sarafoudis have gone on trial on February 3, 2014 in the special court in Koridallos' women's prison for a series of bank robberies, clashes with the cops, etc.

"Halandri" & "Nea Smyrni Case" related prisoners:
Giorgos Karagiannidis
Alexandros Mitrousias
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 05/04/16]
They deny being members of the Cells of Fire. Giorgos and Alexandros were both tried in the so-called “Halandri case” and sentenced to 20 years and 11 years in prison respectively. All 3 are currently on trial for the “Nea Smyrni case” (on charges of forming an “unnamed terrorist organisation”) and are facing further Cells of Fire-related charges. Here is a link to a recent statement.
Update: Kostantinos Sakkas escaped his 'conditional
freedom' and has gone underground. One of his co-accused in the same case, Stella Antoniou, who was free on bail was arrested and detained again recently. [source]

Tasos Theofilou, Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 06/03/16]
Anarchist communist Tasos Theofilou has been sentenced to 25 years in prison in connection with an armed robbery in Paros on 10/8/2012 during which a taxi driver, Dimitri Micha, was killed. He was found guilty of two felony charges: participating in a robbery with his physical characteristics covered, and being an abettor in manslaughter committed in a calm mental state. He was also convicted of three misdemeanors: carrying a firearm, forgery (accusation relating to vehicles of the robbers), and accepting the proceeds of crime (the getaway car of the robbers). However, he was found not guilty of membership of a terrorist organisation (namemly C.C.F.), possession of explosives and ordnance, forgery of five identification cards, use of a firearm, and two attempted homicides.
The verdicts were based solely on a single piece of 'evidence', DNA from a hair allegedly found on a hat that had supposedly been dropped by the fleeing robbers. None of the eye witnesses recognised Theofilou and the court itself found that he was not a member of the organisation that prosecutors accused of having been involved in the robbery i.e. C.C.F.. [Updated: 11/02/14]

Revolutionary Struggle Prisoners & Others

On April 10, 2010, the Anti-terrorist Department of the Greek Police arrested six people in Athens :
Nikos Maziotis, Panagiota “Pola” Roupa, Kostas Gournas, Vaggelis Stathopoulos, Sarandos Nikitopoulos, and Christoforos Kortesis. All were known for their long presence in the anarchist/anti-authoritarian movement. Two weeks later, Nikos Maziotis, Pola Roupa, and Kostas Gournas admitted to participating in the organization known as Revolutionary Struggle (Epanastatikos Agonas). Stathopoulos, Nikitopoulos, and Kortesis denied the charges and stated that they were being persecuted for their years of anarchist activity and their comradely political relationships with the others. Two others, Marie Beraha and Kostas Katsenos, were also charged and included in the trial.

Kostas Gournas
Nikos Maziotis
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 06/04/16]

On April 3, 2013 the judgment on the Revolutionary Struggle case was handed down:
Nikos Maziotis was sentenced to 86 years’ imprisonment in absentia; his sentence was merged into 50 years. Pola Roupa and Kostas Gournas were both sentenced to 87 years (Pola sentenced in absentia); each sentence was merged into 50 years and 6 months.
For all three of them, the maximum prison term is 25 years (which are typically served either as a full sentence or by day wages in prisons, or after the completion of 3/5 of the prison term, when a prisoner can be granted conditional release under specific conditions).

Following a second trial with regard to the attack with a car bomb containing 75kg of explosives against the Bank of Greece’s Supervision Directorate in central Athens on April 10th 2014; the shootout in Monastiraki on July 16, 2014 (when comrade Nikos Maziotis was injured and recaptured by police); and expropriations of bank branches, on March 3, 2016, Nikos Maziotis was sentenced to life in prison plus 129 years and a fine of €20,000; Pola Roupa, who is till at liberty, was again sentenced in absentia, this time to 11 years in prison on misdemeanor charges (but she will also stand trial on felony charges if she is arrested); and Antonis Stamboulos was sentenced to 13 years in prison. [Updated: 06/04/16]

Vaggelis Stathopoulos
Christoforos Kortesis
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 21/05/15]

Vaggelis Stathopoulos and Christoforos Kortesis were sentenced to 8 and 7 years’ imprisonment, respectively. The sentence against Vaggelis Stathopoulos was merged into 7 years and 6 months.
Marie Beraha, Sarantos Nikitopoulos and Kostas Katsenos were acquitted on the benefit of doubt.
In addition, for all five convicted anarchists, the judges’ decision provided for deprivation of their political rights (5 years for the three admitted members of Revolutionary Struggle, and 3 years for the other two anarchists, Vaggelis and Christoforos, who denied R.S. membership). [source]

Rami Syrianos, D2 Pteriga, Filakes Domokou, Τ.Κ. 35010, Domokos, Fthiotida, Greece. [Correct as of: 31/08/14]
Rami is a non-aligned anarchist who was sentenced on 28/05/12 to 8 years & 8 months for a January 2011 armed robbery in Thessaloniki expropriating money from a government auction house.

Andreas-Dimitris Bourzoukos
Argyris Dalios (Ntalios)
Fivos Harisis
Giannis Michailidis
Dimitris Politis
Nikos Romanos
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [Updated: 06/04/16]

Nikos Romanos, Andreas-Dimitris Bourzoukos, Giannis Mihailidis and Dimitris Politis were arrested after a car chase on 01/02/2013 following the double robbery of a branch of the National Post office and a branch of the Agriculture Bank in Venvento, Kozani. In addition, Nikos Romanos and Giannis Mihailidis were accused in the case of the two Volos and Kalithea houses; Giannis Mihailidis and Dimitris Politis for the robbery at a branch of Agriculture Bank in Filotas; Florina and Giannis Mihailidis were accused of taking part in a gunfight with cops in Pefki. Fivos Harisis and Argyris Dalios were arrested on 20/04/2013 in Nea Filadelphia, Athens and were also accused of robbery. Argyris and Fivos denied the accusations and their prosecution was based solely on DNA samples collected from the area where the robbery took place. Argyris Dalios was also accused in the case of the two houses in Volos and Kalithea and, along with Foivos Harisis, of the robbery at a branch of Agriculture Bank in Filotas, Florina.
All six were also accused of being members of CCF, something that both they and CCF deny.

On Wednesday, October 1, 2014, the Koridallos prison court in Athens found anarchist prisoners Yannis Michailidis, Nikos Romanos, Andreas-Dimitris Bourzoukos and Dimitris Politis (who have claimed political responsibility for the double armed robbery in Velventos, Kozani) as well as Fivos Harisis and Argyris Ntalios (who have denied all charges) guilty of:
– committing robbery while masked or disguised (except Dimitris Politis, who was convicted as an accessory),
– aggravated possession of firearms (for the guns used in the double expropriation),
– aggravated vehicle theft (for the car of the dentist-hostage used as getaway vehicle).

The final prison sentences against the six comrades were:
Giannis (Yannis) Michailidis: 16 years, 4 months and 10 days.
Nikos Romanos: 15 years and 10 months.
Andreas-Dimitris Bourzoukos, Fivos Harisis, Argyris Ntalios: 15 years and 11 months.
Dimitris Politis: 11 years and 5 months.

Finally, as proposed earlier by the prosecutor, the court acquitted all of the accused of alleged involvement in the CCF urban guerrilla group. However, there are other trial court cases underway that include the exact same accusation against the anarchist comrades.

An appeal by the prosecution in the Velvedo case has been set for April 20, 2016 in the women's wing of Koriddalos prisons. The court case is likely to last at least 2 years and take it well beyond the date that the six would normally be released under license. Therefore the six argue that the trial is merely an attempt to keep them in prison without filing any new charges. [source]
[Updated: 06/04/16]
See also: Interarma

Giannis Naxakis
Grigoris Sarafoudis
Dikastiki Filaki Korydallou – A’ Pteriga, T.K. 18110, Korydallos, Athens, Greece. [correct as of: 20/11/15]

On Friday October 9, 2015, the second degree trial (appeal) of Grigoris Sarafoudis and Giannis Naxakis for the 2011 ATE Bank robbery in Purgetos, Larisa began in the appellate court of Loukareos. It is unclear whether Giannis has carried out his promise not appear at the appeal trial nor request a lawyer.
In the first trial they both had been convicted with the same sentence of 16 years for robbery, upgraded for both however in the context of terrorism with DNA found on two movable objects as evidence.
Update: Following an adjournment, their appeal will continue on November 10, 2015. [source]

For more recent information about the many Greek prisoners, see: https://interarma.info/en/

# NB: Prisoners held in the new 'special wings' and C Type prisons in Greece have severe restrictions place upon their communications. Phone calls are all monitored and mail is subjected to censorship and your letters may not reach the intended recipient.


There's a steady stream of reports of extensive repression from Italy. Ecological anarchists, squatters and ALF activists are more and more active, but are also facing more arrests, raids and random fit-ups. http://en.contrainfo.espiv.net/ is a good source for the latest news from Italy in English.

Nicola Gai
Alfredo Cospito
C.C. Ferrara, Via dell’Arginone 327, ΙΤ-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
[Correct as of: 13/11/15]

Nicola Gai and Alfredo Cospito were arrested on 14th September 2012 and accused of shooting of Roberto Adinolfi, CEO of the nuclear energy company Ansaldo Nucleare, in the knees - an action carried out by Olga/FAI/FRI nucleus on 7th May 2012. During their first trial on October 30, 2013, they admitted their part in the shooting but were prevented from reading out their statements on their behalf. [see Alfredo's here] At their sentencing hearing on November 12 2013, Alfredo was given ten years and 8 months in prison and Nicola 9 years and 4 months for attack with the purpose of terrorism (under article 280 of the Italian penal code), in addition to reato ostativo (impediment of access to prison benefits, house arrest, semi-custodial regime, etc. given that terrorist purposes were recognized by the court).

In early May 2015, the Supreme Court decided to reduce the sentences of comrades Alfredo Cospito and Nicola Gai.

The final sentences are:
Alfredo Cospito: 9 years, 5 months and 10 days (from 10 years and 8 months)
Nicola Gai: 8 years, 8 months, 20 days (from 9 years and 4 months). [Updated: 13/11/15]

'Operazione Ardire' Defendants
At 4 o’clock in the morning of June 13th, 2012, the carabinieri of the Special Operations Group (Raggruppamento Operativo Speciale, ROS) raided around forty homes, implementing the so-called ‘Operazione Ardire' (Operation Boldness), a crackdown against people from the anarchist movement ordered by Manuela Comodi, public prosecutor of Perugia. A total of 10 arrest warrants were issued - eight within Italy, one sent to Germany and one sent to Switzerland - while 24 suspects have been placed under judicial investigation.

The eight comrades, Stefano Gabriele Fosco, Elisa Di Bernardo, Alessandro Settepani, Sergio Maria Stefani, Katia Di Stefano, Giuseppe Lo Turco, Paola Francesca Iozzi and Giulia Marziale, who were arrested in Pisa, Roma, Perugia, Genova and Terni, have been remanded in custody. Additionally, in Germany and Switzerland precautionary measures were ordered against Gabriel Pombo Da Silva and Marco Camenisch. Among the names of investigated suspects are also those of some imprisoned comrades that are prosecuted in the Conspiracy of the Cells of Fire cases in Greece.

UPDATE: The charge of terrorist association (270bis) has been dropped at the request of prosecutor Manuela Comodi, but the comrades are to stand trial for some specific offences (walls daubing, etc.), with the aggravating circumstance of terrorism. [22/01/14]

For further background on 'Operazione Ardire', see actforfree.

Genoa 10
The Italian High Court confirmed on Friday 13th July 2012 the sentences for the 10 activists were guilty of devastation and looting crimes against private property and sentenced for crimes of “devastation and looting” during the G8 summit in Genoa in 2001. Five of the defendants have been granted right to appeal against other related charges, and their cases will be re-examined by the judges. The other five had their appeals rejected and were imprisoned. In 2014, two of the sentenced were released on probation and under house arrest.

Marina Cugnaschi, C.C. Bollate, Via Cristina Belgioioso 120, ΙΤ-20021 Milano, Italy. [Correct as of: 13/11/15]
Serving 12 years and 3 months.

Francesco Puglisi,
Casa Circondariale di Roma Rebibbia, Via Raffaele Majetti, 70, IT-00156 Roma. [Correct as of: 13/11/15]
Serving 14 years.

Francesco “Jimmy” Puglisi went on the run after being sentenced to 14 years in prison following a trial for "devastation and looting" during the 2001 Genoa revolt, was arrested in Barcelona on June 5, 2013. He was then extradited to Italy and has been in the transit section of Rebibbia prison in Rome since July 5, in Jimmy's words, "waiting until the dogs of the administration or the Department of Penitentiary Administration decide in which section to put me," and was later moved on to a wing in the same prison.

No-TAV Defendants
The campaign against the building of the Turin-Lyon high speed rail link has been running for 20+ years and regularly produces new arrests as the Italian State tries to suppress resistance.

Chiara Zenobi, Niccolò Blasi, Claudio Alberto and Mattia Zanotti were arrested on December 9, 2013, and accused of committing an act of sabotage occurred in May 2013 against the high speed railway (TAV) construction yard of Chiomonte, Val Susa. The charges pressed against them are heavy: attack with purposes of terrorism carried out with lethal and explosive devices, possession of war weapons, damages.

On December 17, 2014, after a two-hour closed session, the Special Court of Assize of Turin sentenced Chiara Zenobi, Claudio Alberto, Mattia Zanotti and Niccolò Blasi to 3 years and 6 months each. The four comrades, imprisoned since December 9th, 2013, were found guilty of having sabotaged the TAV construction site in Chiomonte but were all acquitted of terrorism-related charges, for which the prosecutor had asked for a total sentence of nine years and a half. This means that they have since been released from prison to serve a period of house arrests.

A further 3 anarchists, Lucio Alberti, Francesco Sala and Graziano Mazzarelli, were arrested on July 11, 2014, in connection with the same action at the Chiomonte TAV site between May 13 & 14, 2013 that Chiara Zenobi, Claudio Alberto, Mattia Zanotti and Niccolò Blasi were arrested for. In May 2015 Francesco Sala and Graziano Mazarelli were released under house arrest whilst Lucio Alberti was released is September.

Operation Ardesia
The two comrades were involved in so called ‘Operation Ardesia’ (2006), one of the many police operations unleashed against the anarchists of Il Silvestre, Pisa, once again under the pretext that the comrades involved were part of a terrorist organization. After long judicial proceedings and time served in prison, all the comrades were acquitted of terrorism charges in 2010, but Francesco and Daniele were also charged with a robbery occurred in Lucca, Tuscany, in 2007. Released from prison at different times between 2007 and 2010, the two comrades lost the appeal trial and were sentenced by the Court of Cassation in May 2014 and subsequently sent to jail. Francesco will have to serve 2 years and a month, Daniele 1 year and 9 months.

Daniele Casalini, C.C. di Pisa 'Don Bosco', Via Don Bosco 43, ΙΤ-56100 Pisa, Italy. [Correct as of: 13/11/15]

Francesco Gioa, C.C. di Livorno 'Le Sughere', Via delle Macchie 9, ΙΤ-57100 Livorno, Italy. [Correct as of: 13/11/15]

Carmelo Musumeci, C.C. Padova, Via Due Palazzi 25/A, 35136 ΙΤ-Padova, Italy. [Correct as of: 30/12/13]
[Non english speaker]
Imprisoned for mafia related crimes, Carmelo is a turned anarchist lifer who has already spent more than 20 years in jail. Sentenced under the article 41-bis, which is used against people imprisoned for particular crimes such as mafia involvement, aggravated robbery and crimes committed for subversion of the constitutional system, means it can only be suspended when a prisoner co-operates with the authorities, when a court annuls it, or when a prisoner dies. Carmelo has done numerous hunger strikes, is a prolific writer and an active campaigner for the abolishment of life detention.
More information about him can be found on: www.carmelomusumeci.com/


Lukasz Bukowski s. Zbigniewa, Zakład Karny Gorzów Wielkopolski, ul. Podmiejska 17, 66-400 Gorzów Wlkp, Poland. [Correct as of: 20/05/16]
Łukasz Bukowski had been sentenced to 3 months in prison for "harming personal integrity" of a cop during a blockade of the eviction of two seriously ill tenants from their house. Łukasz refused to pay the fine that was given him by thecourt, stating that by resisting eviction he had done the correct thing and, as a result, the unpaid fine was turned into a prison sentence.
Update: Lukasz had been transferred to a new prison due to protests outside. [20/05/16]


NB: Moscow ABC advise that letters in English are seldom accepted in Russian prisons, so if you do not have a chance to write in Russian (i.e. by using simply phrases and translating them by a translation program), just send photos and postcards.

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Kolchenko, Lefortovskiy val, 5, p/b 201, 111020 Moscow, Russia. [NB: only letters in Russian are accepted, so you can send postcards or use google translate in case you do not speak Russian][correct as of: 29/07/14]
Aleksandr Kolchenko was detained in Crimea on May 17, 2014, on suspicion of participation in a "terrorist group," which planned explosions near the eternal fire memorial and the Lenin monument in Simferopol on May 8th and 9th, and of having sabotaged railway tracks and electricity lines. Kolchenko is also suspected of having carried out two arson attacks: against the headquarters of the Russian Unity-party and Russian Community of Crimea on April 14th, and the office of the United Russia party in Simferopol on April 18th. He has since been transferred to Moscow and is being kept in the Lefortovo remand prison. The case is run by the FSB, the former KGB.
Aleksandr is an anarchist and antifascist who has participated in student and environmental actions. He has been part of campaigns against tuition fees and supported workers' rights protests. He was under constant Nazi attack for his antifascist ideas. One incident took place after a film screening about murdered anti-fascist journalist Anastasiya Baburova, where he was attacked by thirty Nazis using knives. In this context, claims by the Russian authorities that Aleksandr is part of the nationalist "Right Sector" are ridiculous, and he is denying these claims.
As lawyers of the accused are subject to a gag order, we have limited information on the charges and the level of cooperation from the suspect. We know that Aleksandr has admitted to being present at the location of the arsons, but he denies terrorist charges, which carry a 20-year maximum prison sentence. There is no reason to believe that he has implicated anyone else.
Aleksandr Kolchenko is claimed to be part of a bigger group protesting against the Russian invasion of Crimea by organising direct actions. A famous film director, Oleg Sentsov, as well as two Maydan activists, Gennadiy Afanasyev and Alexei Chirniy, have also been detained under the same suspicion. All of them are claimed to be part of the Right Sector (a Ukrainian ultra-right organisation). This is a lie as apart from Chirniy none of the accused have any connection to the Right sector, and Aleksandr Kolchenko has never shared nationalist ideas. The whole case is considered to be part of the Russian campaign to take over Crimea, which includes repressions against anyone who doesn't comply with the new authority.
Oleg Sentsov's arrest has gained worldwide attention, as recently, a number of known directors, including Pedro Almodovar, Mike Leigh, Agnieszka Holland, Stephen Daldry, Bela Tarr and Wim Wenders signed a petition demanding his release.
Since this case is highly political, Aleksandr's legal costs are high, around 850 euro per month. We expect the investigation to last long enough as to put a heavy financial strain on local ABC groups. So we call for support with finances and information distribution. You can make donations via PayPal to abc-msk@riseup.net or using a bank account (write to the same e-mail address for details).
An international week of actions for the arrested will take place from July 15 to July 22. [Updated: 27/06/14]

Read Aleksandr's latest statement: Aleksandr Kolchenko: I am not a terrorist. I am a citizen of Ukraine [20/11/14]

Igor Olegovich Kharchenko
Igor was arrested in September 2011. He is accused of having participated in a fight on the July 4, 2010, during which the audience of a punk hardcore concert dispersed a band of nationalists, who had come in order to kill and maim concert guests. Igor, however, did not take part in the fight - plenty of those present at the concert have given testimony, that during the fight Igor was performing in the concert.
Igor has since been transferred to a prison camp, but he does not want to receive support letters from people he does not know. [Updated: 30/02/14]

Alexey 'Sokrat' Sutuga is a member of Autonomous Action and has been active in the anarchist movement in the past ten years, including the ecological protest camp against uranium enrichment in city of Angarsk in Siberia, which was assaulted by nationalists in the early morning hours. Ilya Borodaenko from Nahodka of Pacific Ocean was murdered there, and a number of other visitors of the camp were seriously wounded. He was arrested in April 2012 and remaned in prison accused along with Alexey Olesinov and Alyon Volikov of having taken part in an incident in the Moscow club "Vozdukh", where on December 17, 2011, during a punk-hardcore concert, a conflict between the audience and the security took place. The club security, consisted of supporters of the far right, and were provoking guests. Due to the conflict, the concert was stopped prematurely, but the security attempted to take some guests hostage, threatening them with punishment from their friends - nationalist football hooligans. Concert guests resisted, the security opened fire with rubber coated metal bullets, but soon the concert-goers gained the upper hand and the security was neutralised and sent to the hospital. The case against them was eventually dropped in January 2014 on the eve of the Sochi Winter Olympics as part of the amnesty bill, approved as a PR stunt on initiative of Vladimir Putin.
However Alexey is now back in prison, having been arrested on April 5, 2014, for a fight with ultra rightist and placed under investigation. At the trial on September 30, 2014, hewas sentenced by Zamoskvoretskiy Court in Moscow to three years and one month in prison for his alleged involvement in a fight. A day earlier, the prosecutor had asked for it four years and two months in prison. [Updated: 02/10/14]
Alexey Vladimirovich Sutua, currently in transit to a prison in Irkutsk in Siberia.[correct as of: 15/02/15]

6th of May Defendants
19 people are currently under arrest for alleged involvement in rioting in Bolotnaya square on May 6th 2012, the eve of Putin's inauguration. Stepan Zimin and Alexey Polikhovich have both been given prison time [1][2]and Alexendra Dukhanina was given a period of probation.

Stepan Yurevich Zimin - Currently being transferred to the penal colony [correct as of: 24/02/15]
Alexey Alexeevich Polikhovich - Currently being transferred to the penal colony [correct as of: 24/02/15]

Russian anti-fascist Alexey Gaskarov is currently being held in prison awaiting trial on charges of resisting police on May 6 2012 during the so-called 'riot' on Bolotnaya Square on May 6, 2012.
Alexey Vladimirovich Gaskarov, FKU SIZO-2 UFSIN Rossii po g. Moskve, ul. Novoslodskaya d. 45 127055 Moscow, Russia. [correct as of: 29/07/14]

Ilya Eduardovich Romanov, 1967 g.r., FKU SIZO-1, ul. Gagarina, d.26-a, 603098, Nizhnii Novrogod, Russia (letters only in Russian and do not contain statements about the political activities of anarchists) [correct as of: 29/07/14]
46-year-old anarchist Ilya Romanov was wounded in Nizhnii Novgorod following the blast of a pyrotechnic device (a firecracker) which severely injured his left hand and burned his face. Ilya was taken to hospital where doctors amputated his arm. He was arrested and charges under Article 205 through Article 30 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation ("attempt a terrorist attack") despite a total lack of any evidence to support the terrorist angle.

Update: Ilya was recently 14 days in a hole. Prison administration has said that their superiors have ordered that everyone sentenced for 'terrorist' crimes must be put on a special pressure. Ilya is not beaten up by guards, but there is a constant pressure in form of administrative punishments.
Moscow ABC has hired a lawyer from a local village to help Ilya with this, as this was the cheapest alternative. [15/05/16]

See also: wiki.avtonom.org for up-to-date listings of prisoners in the ex-Soviet Union.


Straight Edge Madrid
Five comrades from a vegan and anarchist group from Madrid, Spain, called Straight Edge Madrid were arrested on November 4, 2015 in their families’ houses. One of them was not in the country but the police were looking for him too.
On Friday four of them were freed but had to pay €3.000, 4.000 and 10.000 in bail fees respectively, the other two were imprisoned without bail. They are accused of being part of a terrorist organisation and the police has taken away personal belongings such as hoodies, books and their computers. This is another move by a repressive state using excessive police force distracting from real political issues to sway the voters for the coming election.
The group they were part of (which has been forced to dissolve by police pressure) was anarchist, anti-speciesism and anti-drugs, they were organised and did a lot of activities to heighten people’s awareness of the state and its forms of repression.
Nahuel and Borja are known to our Spanish comrades and they need our help. They are in separate prisons with FIES 3 regime which effectively means they have restricted communication and they are completely cut off from the outside.

Borja Marquerie Echave, Centro Penitenciario Madrid II, Crta. Meco, 5, C.P 28805, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.
José Manuel Bustamante Vergara, Centro penitenciario Madrid V., Carretera M-609, km.3,5., C.P 28791, Soto del real Madrid, Spain.

Support Campaign Bank Account details:
0049 6396 51 2790012974 Santander
(Recordamos no poner nada en concepto).

Operation Pandora
On Tuesday, December 16, at 5am, hundreds of cops broke into several houses, social centers, and ateneos in Barcelona, and also an apartment in Madrid. It was part of Operation Pandora, an anti-terrorist initiative carried out by the the highest level of the Spanish court system. Several houses were searched and eleven anarchist comrades were arrested. They did not know what charges they were accused of when they were arrested, just given a vague "anarchist terrorism" charge.

On Thursday, December 18, seven of them went to prison and the other four were released under surveillance. All of them are now accused of the participating in the GAC (Coordinated Anarchist Groups), a group of people who held some meetings and edited some books. Earlier in November, 2013, five people were arrested and two are still in prison. They are also accused of the participating in the GAC and also committing some direct actions against churches. [21/12/14]
For more info: What’s Behind Operation Pandora?

UPDATE: The 7 comrades arrested on December 16, 2014 as part of Operation Pandora who were released on conditional bail on January 30, 2015.

Following the opening of the investigative file, it is now known that they are facing charges such as membership in GAC (Coordinated Anarchist Groups), attacks against banks, posting parcel bombs (one to the Archbishop of Pamplona, one to a member of the fascist congregation Legionaries of Christ, and others to Italian companies), while "they are linked"—always according to the police—with the explosive attacks against the Cathedral of Almudena in Madrid (February 7, 2013) and the Basilica of the Pillar in Zaragoza (October 2, 2013), the latter having led to the indictment and pretrial detention of our comrades Mónica Caballero and Francisco Solar.

The police statement ends with a victorious "according to the investigators, the structure of the GAC/FAI-FRI is disrupted in Catalonia, the stronghold of this criminal organisation with terrorist purposes against the Spanish State". What these servants of Power do not recognise (and never will) is that they sought to generate fear to all other comrades with this operation, which not only failed, but we can say without a doubt has generated the opposite effect. [source]

Enrique Costoya Allegue - location currently unknown as mail to his previous CP Madrid V Soto del Real address has been returned. [Updated: 29/03/16]
On the morning of October 28, 2015, seven anarchist comrades were arrested in Barcelona and a further two in Manresa. Eight houses and social centers in the neighborhoods of Sant Andreu, Clot, Gràcia, and Sants were raided, including the Ateneu Llibertàri de Sants and La Revoltosa in Clot. As per usual, units from the Information Brigade stole materials, including electronic equipment, money, and propaganda.
This operation is a continuation of the repressive attack known as the Pandora Case, which was carried out in December of 2014 with the arrest of eleven comrades who are currently awaiting trial, and is related to Operation Piñata and Operation Columna, carried out by the Policia Nacional to repress comrades by claiming that they were members an organisation named GAC (Anarchist Coordinated Groups), which the State considers to be of terrorist nature.
Eight of those arrested were released on bail but Enrique Costoya Allegue remains in custody. [Updated: 03/11/15]

Madrid Five. Operación Piñata
On March 31st , during the second part of Operación Pandora, under the guise of Operación Piñata, there were many arrests in various Spanish cities: 9 in Madrid, 3 in Barcelona and 2 in Palencia. 14 others were arrested for resistance to authority. They were all released, except five who were accused of terrorism, sabotage and the placing incendiary devices as part of the Coordinated Anarchist Groups (GAC). They were put in preventive custody for two months, dispersed and then the Madrid Five, Paul Jara Zevallos, Javier Grijalbo Adán, Javier Garcia Castro, Jorge Linares Izquierdo and Enrique Balaguer Perez were released during the first week of June after being charged. [18/06/15]

Barcelona Five
On May 15, 2013 a major crackdown was launched by the Mossos D’Squadra [Catalan police] which was directed from the National Audience Court in Madrid [high prosecution panel], in which five anarchists were arrested in various parts of Catalonia for alleged membership of the Bandera Negra group (un grupo 'especialmente activo'). This is seen as a media-orientated coup to coincide with the second anniversary of the 15-M popular protests, a media lynching, where these libertarians still remain in pretrial custody.

The five comrades are currently dispersed in 5 different regional prisons under the FIES3 penitentiary regime. They are no longer in isolation, but the state continues with the other FIES restrictions they apply You can send letters to all of them at the following addresses listed below. Note that the communications are being monitored so we propose maximum prudence in the contents of the letters themselves. Details of the case and solidarity initiatives can be found on the support blog to the five of Barcelona.

Remember the account number solidarity for prisoners and their families:
Bankia account number (Spain): 2038 9252 63 3000365109

Mail for Silvia Muñoz Layunta, Juan José Garrido Marcos, Yolanda Fernández Fernández, Xabier González Solar and Jose Carlos Recio Minguez has recently been returned marked either 'unknown' or 'released' but we have no other current information on their status. We will amend when we have further news. [Updated: 11/06/15]

Basilica del Pillar Case
On November 13, 2013, the National Police raided the house of four anarchists in Barcelona, arresting the four comrades and another in the vicinity of her home the same morning. The five have been accused of having placed a device that exploded at the Basilica del Pillar in Zaragoza (Spain) on October 2. Arrested under the Anti-Terrorism Act against a backdrop of a media feeding frenzy, the 3 arrested Italian comrade Valeria Giamoni, Gerardo Damián Formoso and Rocío Yune, were released upon bail after remaining incommunicado for 5 days; their passports were retained and must appear in court on a periodic basis. The two Spanish comrades, Monica Caballero and Francisco Solar, were however remanded in "provisional custody" (i.e. pre-trial custody or remand) - charged with Illicit Terrorist Association, the placeing of Explosive Artefacts (specifically at the Church of Zaragoza) and Conspiracy to Commit Terrorist Acts (alleged plans to attack the Monastery of Montserrat in Barcelona) - by the National Court, for an unspecified period whilst the "investigations" take place.
UPDATE [21/04/14]: Both compañeros remain in preventive detention and have passed through a number of different prisons [current addresses below]. They remain in FIES 3, with eight 5-minute calls per week, restriction of correspondence (only 2 letters per week) and we know they still have no limit on how many letters they can receive, one weekly visit of 40 minutes and are both dispersed in prisons distant from their friends and compañeras, the so-called 'dispersion' as the way of punishing political prisoners or rebels, seeking to exhaust the strength of those who go visit them.

Mónica Andrea Caballero Sepúlveda, Ávila-Prisión Provincial, Ctra. de Vicolozano s/nvApdo. 206, 05194 Brieva (Ávila), Spain. [Correct as of: 29/07/14]
Francisco Javier Solar Domínguez, C.P. Villabona, Finca Tabladiello s/n, 33422 Villabona-Llanera, (Asturias), Spain. [Correct as of: 10/11/15]

NB: The Claudicar Nunca Rendirse Jamas blog covers all the latest news around the Basilica del Pillar Case and other current acts of state repression in Italy.

The Cordoba Four
The Malaga court of appeal sentenced the anarchists Giovani Barcia, Michele Pontolillo and Claudio Lavaza, already sentenced to 11 years on September 1999, for an incident in the Italian vice-consulate in December 1996. Three persons wearing balaclavas imprisoned the consul and an employee, sending a message of solidarity to the Italian prisoners jailed by the Judge Marini (the judge who built a false accusation against Italian anarchists) and disappeared with passports and some money. These three Italians were convicted of this, as well as a previous bank robbery with sentences of 49 years for Claudio, 48 years for Giorgio and Giovani, 3 years for Michele. Write to them:

Claudio Lavazza C.P. Teixeiro (módulo 11), Carretera Paradela s/n, 15310 Teixeiro-Curtis (A Coruña), Spain. [Correct as of: 27/10/14]

Giorgio Rodriguez
Disappeared when out of prison on three days release Summer 2009.

Giovanni Barcia C.P.El Acebuche, Ctra. Cueva de los Úbeda, km 2,5, 04071.- El Acebuche, Almería, Spain.

Gabriel Pombo da Silva
Centro Penitenciario de Topas - Salamanca, Ctra. N-630, km. 314 37799 Topas (Salamanca), Spain. [Correct as of: 18/09/15]
Gabriel continues to be held under FIES-5, denied visits and his mail restricted. If you want to write to Gabriel, even if he can’t reply, it is best to do it by registered mail so that letters don’t get lost and are put on record. He is unable to receive texts, pamphlets, books, etc.). [Updated: 06/06/14]


Joel Almgren, Skogholmsvägen, 522 85 Tidaholm, Sweden. [Correct as of: 10/11/14]
Joel is a Swedish anti-fascist currently on remand for defending an anti-racist demonstration in Kärrtorp, near Stockholm, from a vicious attack by the neo-Nazi group Swedish National Resistance. During the fight, a number of the attackers were seriously injured and Joel is facing possible charges associated with these injuries.
Update: Joel was sentenced to 5.5 years on appeal and has been transferred to a new prison. [Updated: 10/08/14]


Marco Camenisch, Strafansalt Saxerriet, PF 1, CH – 9465 Salez, Switzerland. [Correct as of: 04/01/16]

Marco is a Swiss anarchist and environmental activist who has been in prison since 1991. He is serving a 18 year sentence: 10 years for using explosives to destroy electricity pylons leading from nuclear power stations and 8 years for the murder of a Swiss Border Guard whilst on the run. In 2002 Marco completed a 12-year sentence in Italy for destroying electricity pylons in Italy as part of a sabotage campaign against the nuclear industry.

Denied parole on a number of ocassions in recent years, prompting him to engage in a series of 'non-cooperation with the prison regime' protests, such as refusing to provide urine samples for drugs testing, he was due another review in May 2015. The basis of this was a forensic psychiatric department "risk-oriented sanctions enforcement" assessment report that recommends his political distancing or rather political renunciation of his "crime-promoting ideology" as a requirement for conditional release. Therefore, Marco must renounce his many and international comrades, friends and acquaintances of many years, and with the help and under control of the executive authorities, build a "delinquency-free" environment, so that an "enforcement plan with a realistic relief perspective" would be considered.

Thus Marco was again denied parole despite having served two-thirds of his sentence. So it was good news to hear that he was transferred to Switzerland's only open prison on November 17, 2015. Hopefully his release will come sooner rather than later.


Osman Evcan, Kocaeli 1 Nolu F Tipi Cezaevi, A-7-21, Kandıra / Kocaeli, Turkey. [Correct as of: 21/12/15]

Osman Evcan is an anarchist prisoner who spent his last 23 years in prison. In 1992 he was sentenced to 30 years in prison on charges of being a member of a leftist terrorist group and robbery. He was also imprisoned for 9 years between 1980-89. Osman adopted anarchist ideas in 2003, and has also become a vegan and supports animal liberation struggles.
Osman Evcan has been imprisoned in many different prisons all over the country during his conviction, fighting against authoritarian violence and especially the violence and oppression which is a systemic part of the prison’s hierarchical structure, and has continued his fight against prison’s oppressive mentality, without giving an inch, through a number of hunger strikes.
His first hunger strike in 2011, which lasted 42 days, was for vegan food to be available in prison. During that protest, anarchists and animal liberationists from all over the world, as well as in Turkey, supported Osman’s fight to access vegan food in prison. After 42 days on hunger strike the government gave in and made regulations for the vegan and vegetarian prisoners: "Vegan or vegetarian prisoners demands will be accepted as long as its limited by subsistence allowance."
After this victory, Osman continued the anarchist struggle from within the prison system. He has supported the LGBT, Animal Liberation, women rights and anti-imperialist struggles outside prison and has carried out 3-day hunger strikes to protest the animal massacre during each 'feast of sacrifice' every year. He has also written articles in support of a wide range of struggles and continues his political fight as much as he can from prison.


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